It's a long and winding road to Division I athletics with all manner of obstacle along the way.
It's expensive. It's complicated. Did I mention it's expensive?
In North Carolina, two public, historically black universities have spent the last five years or so trying to make the big jump.
One, N.C. Central University in Durham, appears poised for a successful transition.
Another, Winston-Salem State University, has run aground in its quest for big-time athletics glory.